In 1957 Elsa Morante won the Strega Prize with the novel "L'isola di Arturo", set in Procida in the years immediately preceding the Second World War.
The "Procida, Island of Arturo, Elsa Morante" Literary Prize is dedicated to the greatest Italian writer of the 20th century and to her strong connection with Procida, source of inspiration for her famous novel.
The Prize was instituted by decision of the Municipal Committee of Procida N° 151 of the 26 February 1986, few months after the death of Elsa Morante.
Since its foundation, the Prize has been realized by the Municipality of Procida and the new Municipal Administration wants to continue the tradition of celebrating Elsa Morante in the autumn days of the year.
In its XXIX edition of 2016, the Prize has been renewed with some characterizing elements: the change of the technical juries for the Narrative and the Sea sections; the constitution of a popular jury, chosen by the bookstore clerks and the members of all the schools in the island; the collaboration with the Central National Library and the Directorate-General Libraries and Cultural Institutions.